English Alphabet

An alphabet is a set of symbols that we use to represent speech in writing. Those symbols are called letters. The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet. It consists of 26 letters.

Letters of English Alphabet

These letters can be written in

  • capital letters


  • small letters.

We shall see both of those one by one.

Capital Letters

First, we shall see how we can write capital letters.

Have a look-

A, B, C, D, E, F, G,

H, I, J, K,

L, M, N, O, P,

Q, R, S, T,

U, V, W,

X, Y and Z

Small letters

We can write these in small letters also. Have a look-

A, b, c, d, e, f, g,

h, I, j, k,

l, m, n, o, p,

q, r, s, t,

u, v, w,

x, y, and z.

Capital Letters and their Corresponding Small Letters

We know that we can write each letter of the English alphabet in a capital letter as well as a small letter. Below you can see the whole alphabet in the capital as well as small letters.

Have a look-

These 26 capital letters and their corresponding small letters are as;

  1. A a
  2. B b
  3. C c
  4. D d
  5. E e
  6. F f
  7. G g
  8. H h
  9. I i
  10. J j
  11. K k
  12. L  l
  13. M  m
  14. N  n
  15. O  o
  16. P  p
  17. Q q
  18. R  r
  19. S  s
  20. T  t
  21. U  u
  22. V  v
  23. W w
  24. X  x
  25. Y  y
  26. Z      z

Sometimes we call capital letters as upper case and small letters as lower case.

Alphabetical order

We always use order to write a list. Alphabet starts from a and ends in z. We always write alphabet in order and that way of writing alphabet in order is called ‘alphabetical order’. We use alphabetical order to write a list.

For example- We have to write names of some fruits in alphabetical order then we can write the list as;

  • Apple
  • Banana
  • Custard apple
  • Grapes
  • Oranges

In above list, we started from apple that is a fruit starting from letter- a and then b, c, g and o in order. But if more than one word start with letter B, we put them in order based on the second letter and so on. We also continue order for words starting from letter G. For example-

  • Banana
  • Blackberry
  • Gooseberries
  • Grapes
  • Guava


There are different styles to write these symbols. Each style used to represent language is called a font. We can write capital as well as small letters in cursive style also.

From Alphabet to English Grammar Index

Hi, I am Madhuri Kherde, an educationist, ex-principal of a secondary school in Mumbai, and founder of EnglishLamp.com. I have been teaching English and Mathematics for the last thirty-four years. I like to share my knowledge and experience with others. So I hope you enjoy my posts on this website.