In perfect present tense, verb describes the completed action at the time of speaking. For this, first get the forms of verbs so that it will be easy to understand. We use form of have with past participle of verb in perfect present tense.
Formation of Perfect Present Tense
In this type, we use have/ has according to subject as;
- For first and second person that is I, we, you and they; we use 'have'.
- If subject is third person, singular number that is he, she, it or any other third person, we use 'has'.
- For third person plural number, we use 'have'
So, by taking the above rules in consideration, we get the formations as;
- Subject + have (I, we, you, they) + past participle of main verb + remaining words
- Subject + has (he, she, it, any other) + past participle of main verb + remaining words
Keep in mind that this formation is of affirmative sentences.
Examples of Perfect Present Tense
Here, we have some examples.
Get the difference according to subject.
We used verb- translate in these sentences. We used past participle of translate that is 'translated' in every sentence. But, there is a change of form of have that is 'have' or 'has' according to the subject.
Let’s have a look-
- I have translated it in English.
- We have translated it in English.
- You have translated it in English.
- He has translated it in English.
- She has translated it in English.
- It has translated it in English.
- They have translated it in English.
- She has arrived there in the morning.
- They have borrowed a bike for one day.
- She has joined another company this week.
- I have given her a photo frame on her birthday.
- She has shot me an email to inform me about the rules of the company.
- I have submitted all documents at the end of this month.
- We have provided all crucial information about the case.
- You have got your tickets today.
- They have bought necessary things from the shop this morning.
- I have admitted her to another school.
- He has bought a white t-shirt for his brother.
- We have taken an advantage of our knowledge.
- You yourself have received it.
You may also like the related links-
- Past perfect
- Perfect future
- Uses of present tense