In passive voice of simple present tense of affirmative sentence, we use auxiliary verb am /is / are with past participle that is third form of verb. In this topic, we shall discuss the formation and changing active to passive voice of simple present tense.
Passive Voice of Simple Present Tense- Formation
In this, we use helping verb according to the subject that is-
- if subject of passive voice is first person and singular number that is ‘I’, we use helping verb ‘am’.
- for subject of third person and singular number that is ‘he, she or it’, helping verb ‘is’ is used
- if subject is plural or second person, we use helping verb ‘are’.
In passive voice of simple present tense– positive, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative, we use past participle (third form) of verb.
Keep in mind that we should arrange the sentence in the following form-
- Active sentence- subject + am / is/ are/base form of verb + object
- Passive sentence- object of the active sentence + am / is / are + past participle ( third form ) of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence
Example of Simple Present Tense- Transformation
Now we shall take an example of simple present tense and transform it into passive voice.
Have a look–
Active: She draws a picture today. (draw – base form)
For this, first you should learn the formation of simple present tense.
Above sentence is in the form-
- Subject + verb (base form) + object + remaining word
Passive: A picture is drawn by her today. (drawn- past participle of draw)
Passive voice of this sentence is in the form-
- Object in active + is + past participle of ‘draw’+ by + subject in active + remaining word.
In above sentence, we can see the changes in the transformation of active to passive voice as:
- Object of active form (picture) became subject.
- Subject ‘she’ became object- ‘her’.
- Form of ‘to be- is’ is added
- Past participle of verb ‘draw’ that is ‘drawn’ is taken.
All of these sentences are affirmative.
Have a look-
Active: They watch a movie.
- Passive: A movie is watched by them.
Active: A mason builds a wall.
- Passive: A wall is built by a mason.
Active: A teacher delivers a lecture.
- Passive: A lecture is delivered by a teacher.
Active: The students obey orders of their physical trainer.
- Passive: Orders of their physical trainer are obeyed by the students.
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