Simple Present Tense

Verb describes the action of present time

In simple present tense, verb describes the action of present time. For this, first you should go through forms of verb. In this tense, we should use verb of base form that is in present tense.

Examples-

  • Today I am very busy.
  • He does it on time.
  • They paint a wall beautifully.

Formation of simple present tense

Now we shall see the formation of sentences in simple present tense.

In some sentences, we use only form of ‘to be’ and sometimes main verb in present form.

Let’s see how to form the sentences.

So the formation is as;

  • Subject + form of ‘to be’ (present)+ remaining words
  • Subject + base form of verb + remaining words
  • Subject +’s’ or ‘es’ to base form of verb + remaining words

Formation using ‘to be’

First of all we shall see the formation of sentences with irregular verbs in simple present tense. ‘To be’ is irregular verb. The forms of ‘to be’ in present tense are ‘am’, ‘is’, are’. We shall take some examples.

Have a look-

  • First person:

Singular number- I am a professor.

Plural number- We are science students.

  • Second person:

Singular number- You are very beautiful.

Plural number- All of you are clever.

  • Third person:

Singular number- He is a smart student.

She is an active girl.

It is a cat.

Plural number- They are lawyers of Supreme Court.

Formation using base form of main verb

We can form the sentence in simple present by using the base form of main verb as;

Subject + base form of verb + remaining words

Examples

Here are some examples.

For some of the sentences with third person singular number, we should add ‘s’ or ‘es’ to base form of main verb.

Let’s have a look-

  • First person:

Singular number- I catch a ball.

Plural number- We catch a ball.

  • Second person:

Singular number- You catch a ball.

Plural number- You catch a ball.

  • Third person:

Singular number- He catches a ball. (-es is added to verb ‘catch’)

She catches a ball.

It catches a ball.

Plural number-   They catch a ball.

More Examples of Simple Present Tense

To be-

  • I am a teacher.
  • We are leaders of the teams.
  • You are very talented.
  • All of you are best students.
  • He is a smart guy.
  • They are well qualified.

Base form of main verb

  • I follow her on Facebook
  • We give our best in dance competition.
  • You borrow Math’s textbook from your friend.
  • All of you do very well.
  • He studies with full concentration.
  • She compares herself with her sister.
  • It plays with red ball.
  • They learn in the evening.

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Continuous present tense